A SHRINKING MODEL FOR COMBUSTION/GASIFICATION OF CHAR BASED ON TRANSPORT AND REACTION TIME SCALES

  • B. Peters Université du Luxembourg
  • A. Džiugys Lithuanian Energy Institute
  • R. Navakas Lithuanian Energy Institute
Keywords: thermal conversion, solid fuel, packed bed, model

Abstract

The objective of this contribution is to introduce a shrinking model for gasification of char formed by pyrolysis of biomass or coal. The model describing gasification of a charred particle is based on one-dimensional and transient differential conservation equations for mass, momentum, species and energy. Shrinkage is estimated by a physically based approach of the Thiele modulus or second Damköhler number. It represents a ratio of diffusion time to reaction time and primarily allows distinguishing between a reacting and shrinking core behaviour. Thus, this approach does not require any empirical correlations and is employed to a reacting bed of solid particles. Within the reacting core domain, depleted solid material increases porosity of the solid matrix, while the shrinking core behaviour contributes to a recessing volume.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.mech.18.2.1564

Published
2012-04-20
Section
MECHANICS OF FLUIDS AND GASES