Modeling of Machining Force in Hard Turning Process

Souâd Makhfi, Kamel Haddouche, Abdelghafour Bourdim, Malek Habak


In this work, we develop a modeling based on an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) to predict the machining force components generated during hard turning of a bearing steel with CBN cutting tool. The inputs of the ANN model were the cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed and depth-of-cut) and the workpiece hardness. The network training is performed by using experimental data. The optimal network architecture is determined after several simulations by Matlab Neural Network Toolbox. Back-propagation by Bayesian Regularization in combination with Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm is employed for training. The ANN approach is suitable to estimate the machining force components such as feed-force, radial-force and tangential-force; for this purpose, the results are compared to those obtained by experiment, and the maximum average MAPE value of 4.58 % was obtained for the machining force prediction. Also, the ANN results were compared to those obtained by MLR model. It was shown that the ANN model produced more successful results.



modeling; machining force; hard turning; bearing steel; CBN cutting tool; Artificial Neural Network; Multiple Linear Regression

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Print ISSN: 1392-1207
Online ISSN: 2029-6983