Numerical Investigation of Hydrodynamics Induced by a Pitched Blade Turbine: Effect of the Shape of Vessel Base
This paper presents an numerical analysis influence of bottom shape on the hydrodynamic structure for cylindrical stirred vessel with bump. The turbulent flow generated in stirred tanks is numerically predicted by the resolution of the Navier-Stokes equation using standard k-ε turbulent model. Several parameters on the mixture efficiency has been investigated. Particularly, we have studied the bottom shape of the tank, which is the distance between the bump-turbine with down pumping direction and impeller diameter. The numerical obtained results of the CFD (computational fluid dynamics) code CFX V13.0 with the MRF (Multi Reference Frame) are presented in order to understand the flow structure. The three components velocity profiles and the turbulent kinetic energy dimensionless distributions obtained at bottom tanks with three different heights are analyzed and discussed. From these results, we can confirm that including a bump at the bottom center of the tank closer to the turbine improves significantly the operating conditions of stirring and mixing. Predictions have been compared with literature data and a satisfactory agreement has been found.