Finite element simulation of stress distribution in the different components of Ceraver-Osteal hip prosthesis: static and dynamic analysis

  • A. Moulgada University of Sidi Bel Abbes
  • M. M. Bouziane University Mustapha Stambouli of Masacra
  • B. Bachir Bouiadjra King Saud University
  • S. Benbarek University of Sidi Bel Abbes
  • A. Albedah King Saud University
  • T. Achour University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Keywords: Biomechanics, prosthesis, Cement mantle, Finite element, Stress analysis

Abstract

In this study a new generation of total hip pros-thesis is analysed numerically. The finite element method is used to analyze the distribution stresses on the hip pros-thesis components (stem, cement mantle and bone). The static load analysis is used by selecting the peak load dur-ing the normal walking activity. The loading conditions of Bergman et al were implemented in the finite element model to compute the dynamic stresses under normal walking, climbing up stairs and down stairs loading. The obtained results showed that the new models of hip pros-thesis weaker shear stresses in the cement mantle com-pared to the conventional models. In addition, the case of down stairs loading leads to higher shear stresses in the cement mantle.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.mech.20.5.5372

Published
2014-10-30
Section
MECHANICS OF SOLID BODIES