The Effect of Hygrothermal Aging on the Glass and Carbon Reinforced Epoxy Composites for different Stacking Sequences
Keywords:Glass and Carbon Fibers, Epoxy, XPS, Mechanical Properties, Hygrothermal aging
The present paper examines the effects of hygrothermal aging on the reinforced epoxy composites. The roles of reinforcement types and stacking sequence on the mechanical properties of composites under hygrothermal aging are investigated. Four different composite materials with different stacking sequence were produced. Unidirectional E-glass and carbon fabrics with an areal density 300 gr/m2 as reinforcement and epoxy as matrix were used. Composites were manufactured using vacuum-assisted resin infusion molding. In order to determine the mechanical properties of the composites, specimens were prepared according to the ASTM standards. The aging process was carried out in climatic test cabin at a temperature of 90 oC and a humidity of 90%. As a result of the tests, while the tensile strength of the glass reinforced composites decreased with aging time, no significant change was observed for carbon and hybrid composites. On the other hand, the tensile strength decreased in transverse direction for all types of composites. XPS analysis was used to understand the distribution of atoms on the surface of specimens.