Determination of Optimal Traffic Light Period Using a Discrete Traffic Flow Model
Keywords:amplitude, density, discrete model, spectrum, traffic flow, traffic light, velocity
The traffic flow problem is spread analyzed by many authors like Liu et al., Nagatani and Kaur et al. This paper investigates the traffic flow problem that occurs due to the incorrect traffic lights control. Traffic lights should be match with the traffic flow and must to optimize it. The rational traffic lights period is set by the analysis of the situation on city’s street. A discrete model of traffic flow is used to obtain the results of traffic flow simulation. The results of modelling allow to analyze the dynamics of transport flows in the context of analyzed road and due to the studied boundary conditions.
In this article the discrete model of traffic flow is complemented by new parameters (coefficients), which allows to fit the modelling results with real conditions of traffic flows. Authors argued that the last point of all traffic flows is the main aspect of the investigation of the effect of the changed concentration on the modelling street. Also an amplitude spectrum of traffic flow parameters has been created. This amplitude spectrum helps to determine the frequencies of the road network.