Passive Balancing of the Rotor with an Auto-Balancing Device with a Viscous Incompressible Liquid
Keywords:balancing efficiency, auto-balancing device, viscosity, rotary system, oscillations, imbalance
The use of liquid auto-balancers to compensate the operational changes in the imbalance of rotary systems without stopping them is of interest because of the relative structural simplicity of these devices, which are passive direct-acting regulators that do not require power supply and control systems to move correction masses. The experience of the study of passive auto-balancing devices (SBD) indicates that the existing theory (statements) of passive automatic balancing of the fluid is idealized and inaccurately describes the processes that occur with the working bodies during their operation. In particular, the lack of studies on the effect of liquid viscosity on the efficiency of self-balancing and the reasonableness of the selection of liquid during the development of fluid SBD demanded to analyse the operation of liquid SBD in the real system, taking into account the influence of liquid properties on the efficiency of the vertical rotor balancing process. It is shown that the efficiency of balancing increases with the approach of the angular velocity to the critical one and with the increase of the external resistance. The massive forces of the working fluid have less effect on the balancing efficiency than the viscosity for liquid SBDs.