Forming Analysis of Bulge Formed Joints Based on Adaptive Finite Element Method


  • Jinjin ZHAI School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University
  • Yuantao SUN School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University
  • Qing ZHANG School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University
  • Xianrong QIN School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University



metal forming; adaptive finite element method; error cal-culation model; refinement strategy; bulge formed joint.


Metal bulk forming is widely used because of its own advantages. In order to improve the production efficiency and reduce the cost, numerical simulation is often used to analyze the volume forming process. Because of the large deformation and non-linearity of the forming process, the finite element method (FEM) has the problem of element distortion, which will affect the accuracy and even lead to the failure of the analysis process. In this paper, an adaptive finite element method (AFEM) is proposed to solve this problem. Firstly, the finite element model is established, and grids are roughly divided. After the analysis, according to the error calculation model, the area with large error is determined by the standard deviation of nominal strain energy of nodes. Then, the grids are refined by dichotomy method, and the calculation is continued, repeating this step until the error meets the requirement. Finally, the numerical analysis of the forging process of the bulge formed joint is taken as an example to prove the accuracy of the proposed method.