Optimisation of a Spindle Body Considering the Vibration Prediction of the Entire Milling Centre Construction
Keywords:optimisation, FEM, machine tool, HSM
Static and dynamic properties of machine tools have a decisive influence on their accuracy. In case of HSM machine tools, the phenomena associated with them are additionally strengthened by high machining parameters. In order to predict a machine tool behaviour at the design stage, it is necessary to use numerical methods to simulate for its simulation. Thanks to the use of this type of software, it is possible to perform the next step, i.e. the optimisation of the structure. In case of machine tools, due to the multiplicity of factors affecting its accuracy, this should be a multicriterial optimisation. This article presents the results of a vertical milling centre spindle body optimisation using the Finite Element Method. The results of static stiffness and vibration frequency analysis for three bodies (i.e. the body of the form and dimensions proposed by the constructor, the body after parametric optimisation and the body after the form and parametric optimisation including use of different materials) were compared. The optimisation tools available in the ANSYS system were used for the simulation. The calculations were preceded by experimental research and modifications of dynamic parameters performed on their basis using the author's methodology to determine the behaviour of a partially existing structure for different masses of the body being optimised.