Research on Rubber Spring Model of High-speed EMU Based on Non-hyperelastic Forces
Keywords:train dynamics, rubber spring, non-hyperelastic forces model, elliptic approximation, periodic energy consumption
The research on the mechanical model of rubber spring is one of the hot spots in train dynamics. In order to accurately calculate the viscoelastic force of the rubber spring, especially the non-hyperelastic forces (NHEF) part, a NHEF model is proposed based on the elliptic approximation method. Furthermore, the calculation formula of periodic energy consumption is put forward. The NHEF model is verified by experiments, and the function λ isconstructed to verify the formula of periodic energy consumption. The calculation results showed that the NHEF model had high accuracy in predicting the dynamic and quasi-static NHEF of rubber spring, the prediction accuracy of shear condition was better than that of compression condition, and the accuracy of quasi-static condition was better than that of dynamic condition; the calculation formula of periodic energy consumption had a good prediction accuracy in all working conditions.