Investigation of fluid flow velocity within the intervertebral disc
Keywords:Intervertebral disc, fluid flow velocity, poroelastic model
Enhancing fluid flow velocity within the intervertebral disc may allow to increase solute transportation rates and improve disc nutrition as the sufficient supply of the nutrients to cells of intervertebral disc is a key factor in order to avoid or delay processes of disc degeneration. Poroelastic finite element model of lumbar intervertebral disc is used to calculate fluid flow velocity with the intervertebral disc due to flexion, extension, lateral bending and axial rotation. When comparing the average of flow velocity, the highest values are calculated when flexion and extension moments were applied to the disc, but lateral bending induces the highest value of velocity component in Y direction in nucleus pulposus, yet the assumption that lateral bending could be more beneficial in order to improve nutrients supply to intervertebral disc cannot be substantiated only by this data, as calculated values of velocity component Y are significantly lower that total velocity values.