The Numerical Investigation on Bubble Interaction Dynamics in Hydrodynamic Cavitation
Keywords:Bubble-bubble interactions; Hydrodynamic cavitation; Bubble dynamics; Interaction strength; Radial motion; Internal energy.
Bubble-bubble interactions are of great importance for bubble dynamics. A mathematical model describing the dynamics of a cluster in hydrodynamic cavitation is presented. The interaction strength (i.e. the number density of bubbles) is introduced into Keller-Misis equation. Using this model, numerical investigations of bubble dynamics (i.e. radial motion and internal energy) of single bubble in a cluster have been made due to linear pressure gradient. With the increase of interaction strength, the times of bubble reaching the maximum and minimum radii are delayed. The more of bubbles are in a cluster, the more significant of the delay effect is. The maximum internal energy inside the bubble is closely related to interaction strength (i.e. positive correlation). Furthermore, the initial bubble radius and final recovered pressure of the orifice on bubble dynamics are quantitatively discussed. Based on numerical results, some references are put forward for optimize and manipulate of hydrodynamic cavitation reactor.