The Subcooling Effect of the Flue Gas Flow Mixture Internal Dynamic and Heating Capacity
Keywords:Woodfuel, waste heat, flue gas component dynamic.
Growing environmental restrictions in energy production industry calls for greater efficiency and cleaner fuel burning processes. Biomass (wood chips) as a fuel is in great demand for boiler and power plants as it is considered widely available and relatively clean. While combining woodfuel flue gas and condensing economizers significantly raises the efficiency and makes it even more viable solution for energy production although the biomass fuel usage still has reservations in waste heat, which could be utilized. The calculation algorithm is presented for evaluation of subcooled biomass flue gas components concentration values which determine the leftover heat energy value carried by flue gas flow. Several cases of biomass quality (regarding moisture w=45%, 50%, 55% and 60%) and combustion process quality (regarding air excess value λ=1,2; 1,5; 1,8) in the flue gas temperature range of 50 to 20°C and effects for flue gas internal dynamic were examined. It was determined that water vapour amount depends only on temperature, while every other component concentration change with different air excess and temperature values. It was observed that further usage of biomass flue gas could result in up to 13% additional heat energy recovery for 1MW of fuel input, system combination together with condensing economizers could result in up to 31% of heat energy recovery.