A Study Case of Short Dental Implants Loading in the All-On-4® System on Fixed Dental Prostheses: A Finite Element Analysis
Keywords:dental prosthesis with the cantilever, peri-implant, dental implants, implant loading
The biomechanical research about toothless mandible with four dental implants and a prosthetic system research, which shows the influence of the cantilever length of prosthesis on the weakest structural elements and the load changes in peri-implant bone by changing symmetrically position of the dental implants (in relation to each other), diameters and lengths, and orientation (in relation to chewing surfaces), is not discussed widely in the scientific literature. On the other hand, the use of short implants is more common in practice. Some of these implants are only 8mm in length.
The odontologists, implantologists and dental technician can use results received by finite element method (FEM) in the daily clinical practice in order to reduce the potential for mechanical / technological and consequent biological complications already at the planning stage of the treatment, and thus determine best outcomes in the treatment of toothless patients.
With a unique interpretation of the results obtained by FEM, the paper discusses the results of implants (8 mm in length with 3.5 mm and 4.5 mm diameter) loading, when the cantilevered dental prostheses are loaded in different positions, as well as implant positions are changed.