Physical-Model-Based Assessment of Reduction of Hydraulic Forces Acting on Channel Bed through Advanced Energy Dissipator Design


  • Petr ŠTEMBERK Department of Concrete and Masonry StructuresFaculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
  • Martin PETŘÍK Czech Technical University
  • Jan EDLÁK Czech Technical University
  • Milan ZUKAL Czech Technical University
  • Tomas PICEK Czech Technical University



rapid prototyping, hydraulic structures, energy dissipation, physical-model testing, particle image velocimetry


The hydraulic engineering designers focus on shaping up the flow regime so that the greatest energy dissipation is ensured. On the other hand, the structural designers focus on load bearing capacity and durability of the structural components which may contradict the focus of the hydraulic experts. Such a case may occur when the spillway chute floor slab must be thin due to the limited spaces. Then, the dynamic load acting on the chute floor slab may compromise its long-term operation. The dynamic forces are created by the violent turbulences which may even coincide with the natural frequency of the reinforced concrete floor slab. Therefore, the objective of this paper is a complex approach to small-scale physical model testing which makes use of the latest rapid-prototyping techniques and the particle image velocimetry, and which in the end allows to estimate the magnitude of the dynamic hydraulic forces acting on the channel bed. The newly developed organic-shape energy dissipators play a key role in reducing the kinetic energy of water through its enhances aeration. The proposed method on a small scale can assist favorably the design process of real-scale hydraulic reinforced concrete structures.