Study on Motion Mechanism of Suspended Particles in Water Under Ultrasound
Keywords:ultrasonic, simulation, particle, sound pressure
Particles in the ultrasonic field by the influence of acoustic radiation force, its motion characteristics will be changed. Based on the simplified ultrasonic cleaning assumption, numerical simulation is used to construct a simulation model of suspended particles in the ultrasonic field in liquid water environment, and to study the law of ultrasonic waves on the motion characteristics of suspended particles in water. The research results show that the ultrasonic arrangement of the array makes the ultrasonic waves produce ultrasonic focusing on the propagation path. The alternating fluctuations of ultrasonic positive and negative sound pressure are in the horizontal line parallel to the bottom, and the vibration amplitude of suspended particles in the middle region is the largest. For the vertical position perpendicular to the bottom, the region with larger vibration amplitude of suspended particles is at 1/5 from the bottom. The particles in the high sound pressure area are pushed to the gathering area, and the particle vibration amplitude in the low sound pressure area is small, which proves that the gathering area of the particles is often the low sound pressure area. The research results will contribute to the study of particle motion in the ultrasonic field.