The structure and mechanical properties of the high chromium and nickel content cast alloy after long duration work in high temperature
Keywords:high chromium-nickel alloys, mechanical properties, fractures, precipitation phases, carbides
AbstractIn the petrochemical industries cast steel tube coil sheets with high chromium and nickel content are used. The operation range of these alloys are 533 to 1150°C. A paramount for these alloys are: - corrosion and scaling resistance at high temperatures; - dimensional stability, i.e. resistance to warping, cracking and thermal fatigue; - resis-tance to plastic flow, i.e. creep strength. Tube coil sheet of furnace resulting in aggregate failures have been consid-ered. Life span of the studied specimens obtained from tube coil sheet was 3 years. After a few years of exploita-tion several hollow cracks on the heater tube-sheet were identified. Pre-oxidation of the tubes surface are possible and it has not only favourable effects: during cooling cracks may form in the oxide layer. The aim of the per-formed research was to characterize the microstructure and mechanical properties of the investigated alloy after ageing at the temperature of 900°C. The high temperature determine elements diffusion in the structure, emergence of chromium and niobium carbides and other precipitates and cause the changes in the mechanical properties.