Numerical Simulation of the Formation of Vortices Around Rigid Cylinders as a Issue of Fluid-Structure Interaction Using Immersed Interface Method

  • As’ad ALIZADEH Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology
  • Hussein JEBRAIL ZEKRI Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Zakho
  • Samad JAFARMADAR Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University


The numerical simulation of the flow of fluid through one or a set of objects that causes the flow to separate from the surface of them has been the subject of interest by researchers over the past few decades. One of the most important types of these objects is those with a square cross section which have important and diverse applications in different industries. One of the practical applications of these types of streams is flow around chimneys, high-rise buildings, naval structures, suspended bridges, airplane wings, ship propellers and ducts. In this research, the immersed interface method is used which is a non-conforming method to the boundary. Eulerian mesh for fluid field, and Lagrangian mesh for solid field is used. The connection of these two networks is established by the Dirac Delta function. Considering the cylinder as a rigid immersion boundary within the flow. First, the flow around a square cylinder was simulated and we surveyed different flow patterns. The changes in the number of Strouhal  and the Drag coefficient were investigated in different Reynolds. The flow around the two cylinders was simulated. It was observed that with the increase of Reynolds number and the gap between cylinders, the vortex shedding (Strouhal number) would increase.