Compromising vehicle handling and passenger ride comfort using ER-damper


  • Nik Abdullah Nik Mohamed
  • Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor
  • Reiza Zakia Mukhlis


This paper presents the superiority of electror-heological damper in controlling the unwanted vibration caused by road surface irregularities. First, a mathematical model to describe the flow behavior on the damper is de-veloped based on parallel plates approach. After determin-ing the load condition and the damping level of the damper, the suspension then is simulated in several road conditions, which are simplified as sine waves. The ride comfort is evaluated by the force transmitted from the road to the passenger, while the road handling is evaluated by amplification ratio. The result shows that electrorheologi-cal damper can achieve the best compromise between ve-hicle road handling and passenger ride comfort by adjust-ing its damping level due to the road condition. For the nominal damper design, the electric field strength needed to achieved the best compromise at the excitations fre-quency as high as 2, 3 and 5 Hz is 1.3, 4.7 and 6 kV/mm respectively.